The Nuclear Program of Iran
The Iranian nuclear program became the main issue on the international community that follows the disclosure of its two previously unreported nuclear facility back in August 2002. Their two facilities which is the uranium enrichment plant located at Natanz as well as the heavy water reactor based on Arak have possible nuclear weapon applications.
Negotiations that were made between Western countries and also by Iran started in August 2002, which failed in producing long term solutions. Following with the negotiations that were made by the EU-3, which is UK, Germany and France, Iran then agreed later on in suspending all its uranium enrichment activities. The EU-3 also acknowledge the nuclear rights of Iran and promised in supplying Iran with modern technology after it could provide enough assurance to its international community about the nature of the nuclear program.
The said suspensions on its enrichment activity lasted in June 2005 after the made election of President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad and Iran later on resumed its uranium enrichment and be able to see more here.
For almost the same time, EU-3 offered Iran its different benefits as a return of its permanent cessation on the uranium enrichment as well as other activities that are related with its possible nuclear weapon applications. As the addition on its unpublished economic and political side, Iras as supposed to be provided with guaranteed supply of nuclear fuel and also an assurance of its non aggression from the EU. This offer however was being rejected by Iran because the nuclear officials considers it very insulting and it is also humiliating.
The US and the EU made their move to have the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) refer Iran to United Nations Security Council (UNSC) for any possible sanctions.
In September 2009, Iran then informed IAEA on its second uranium enrichment facility, which is under construction that’s near the city of Qom. Britain, US and France also issued a joint statement that argues that the disclosure of its recet secret facility is growing a concern regarding the nuclear program of Iran. But Iran claimed that it was really not required to inform IAEA regarding the new facilities until six months before Iran’s nuclear fuel is introduced. The IAEA likewise stated that the delay of Iran being able to submit the information to the agency does not contribute on its building of confidence.
After its revelation, Iran likewise attended on the negotiations on its representatives from the permanent members of the UNSC and the IAEA. After the talks, IAEA then provided Iran with draft deals which will see Iran to ship most of the low-enriched uranium to Russia for its further enrichment with the fuel and then returned again to Iran on the use of medical research as well as cancer treatment. Iran also proposed some changes on its draft agreement, which however was rejected by the P5+1 and this deal went to nowhere.
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